August 2018 Health Newsletter

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Backpack Screenings for Back to School

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Time to screen children and educate parents!

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It's that time of year again - Back to School! Help educate your local community with educating parents on proper backpack safety so their children may reduce possible injury from backpack poor-positioning and overweighting which can drastically changes the sagittal balance of the child possibly leading to repetitive injury and pain.

Using PostureScreen, you can quickly and objectively perform fast pre-post posture assessments to help educate your local community and hopefully prevent children from weighting their backpacks more then 10-15% of their body weight all while encouraging them to use both straps, and using rolling bags and lockers when at all possible. A good study to share and review is below.

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Objectively Document Changes in Posture

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Suggested Backpack Study:

Musculoskeletal pain and school bag use: a cross-sectional study among Ugandan pupils.

Mwaka ES, Munabi IG, Buwembo W, Kukkiriza J, Ochieng J.

BMC Res Notes. 2014 Apr 9;7:222. doi: 10.1186/1756-0500-7-222.

Background

Though seen as a convenient method of carrying books and other scholastic materials including food items, schoolbags are believed to contribute to back and other musculoskeletal problems in school going children. This study set out to determine the prevalence of low back and other musculoskeletal pains and describe their relationship with schoolbag use in pupils.

Results

This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 532 pupils from six primary schools with a mean age of 13.6 years. Analyses included the chi- square test, independent t tests, regression analysis and test for trend across ordered groups.

Backpacks were the most common type of schoolbag and younger children carried disproportionately heavier bags. Urban pupils were younger, carried significantly heavier bags, and less likely to complain about schoolbag weight than the rural pupils,

About 30.8% of the pupils carried schoolbags which were more than 10% of their body weight. About 88.2% of pupils reported having body pain especially in the neck, shoulders and upper back. About 35.4% of the children reported that carrying the schoolbag was the cause of their musculoskeletal pain. The prevalence of lower back pain was 37.8%. There was significant association between low back pain and; method of bag carriage (p < 0.0001), long duration of walking (odds ratio 2.67, 95% CI 1.38- 5.16) and the time spent sitting after school (p = 0.02). Only 19% had lockers at school.

Conclusion

Urban pupils were younger, carried significantly heavier bags, and less likely to complain about schoolbag weight than the rural pupils. The majority of pupils complained of musculoskeletal pain of which 35.4% was attributed to the schoolbags.

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Current Articles

» Increased Weight... Increased Cancer Risk
» Boost Performance - Eat Your Breakfast
» Spinal Surgery is Not the Answer for Pain

Increased Weight... Increased Cancer Risk

Most are aware of the negative effects that excess bodyweight has on the cardiovascular system, increasing the risk for heart disease, stroke and diabetes. However according to the WHO (World Health Organization), obesity and excessive weight are also responsible for half a million cancer cases annually. In North America, the number of diagnosed obesity-related cancers for 2012 was estimated at approximately 111,000. Cancers associated with increased bodyweight or BMI over 25 (body mass index) affect the esophagus, colon, rectum, kidney, pancreas, gallbladder, postmenopausal breast, ovary and endometrium. Fortunately the majority of us have control over our bodyweight with the decisions we make daily in regards to physical activity and dietary habits and choices.  Committing to regular and ongoing physical activity coupled with a healthy diet is the answer. Get up, get out, move around, watch what you eat and when you eat, and get and stay healthy!


Author: ChiroPlanet.com
Source: Reuters. November 26, 2014.
Copyright: ProfessionalPlanets.com LLC 2014


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Boost Performance - Eat Your Breakfast

Skipping breakfast can lead to a reduced athletic performance later in the day according to U.K. researchers. In a group of 10 males, researchers compared performance later in the day when eating breakfast as well as when skipping breakfast. In this particular group of individuals, when breakfast was skipped, even though more calories tended to be consumed during lunch (an average of approximately 200 additional calories), their later day performance was still reduced. More studies will need to be performed but if you're an athlete with an athletic performance later it the day, making a decision to skip breakfast may reduce your overall performance, even if more calories are consumed later in the day.

Author: ChiroPlanet.com
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, online May 12, 2015.
Copyright: ProfessionalPlanets.com LLC 2015


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Spinal Surgery is Not the Answer for Pain

People with chronic back pain sometimes consider lumbar fusion surgery to reduce their dependence on pain medications, particularly opioids. But a new study has found that more than three-quarters of spinal fusion patients continue taking opioids for pain post-surgery. Spinal fusion surgery corrects issues with the spinal vertebrae by fusing painful or damaged vertebrae into one solid bone — in a process similar to welding the bones together. Many patients choose this invasive procedure because they believe it will relieve their need to take opioids for pain. However, a study published in the journal PAIN, discovered that 14 percent of patients who underwent spinal fusion still used opioids for occasional pain and a significant 77 percent continued to use them long-term. Only 9 percent of spinal fusion patients were able to discontinue their use of opioids completely. Dr. Richard Deyo of Oregon Health and Science and his colleagues used Oregon’s program for monitoring prescription drugs to determine the opioid dosages used by patients before and after the surgery.  Interestingly, of the patients who were prescribed opioids pre-surgery, only 34 percent of them were able to lower their dosage afterwards. Forty-five percent actually received a higher dose after undergoing spinal fusion.  After studying the data, Dr. Devo concluded that the higher the dosage of opioids before surgery, the more likely the patient would continue to use them afterward. Before considering an invasive treatment like spinal fusion, see a chiropractor for effective, drug-free pain management options.

Author: ChiroPlanet.com
Source: PAIN, online March 6, 2018.
Copyright: ProfessionalPlanets.com LLC 2018


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